The US presidential election ended on November 3, but it is still in confusion. The votes are being counted in several states, and it is reported by the media that Former Vice President Joe Biden gained more than a majority of the Electoral College votes or 270 (out of 538 votes in total). Meanwhile, President Donald Trump alleged fraud involvement in counting postal votes, and intended to file lawsuits in several states but with little evidence. Such being the case, arguments on the result of the election between the two has been going in a zig zag. The complexity of the US presidential election system like this has never been seen in any other presidential elections in the world. Before we argue the complexity of the system, one thing that is missing in the system is institutional organization concerning the management of the presidential election in each state in order to ensure the neutrality and fairness. I have always been concerned about the fragility of the US presidential election which is carried out by indirect voting under the Electoral College system that was adopted to meet the needs of the above-mentioned neutrality and fairness, and transparency which are prerequisite to democracy. Furthermore, President Trump’s unique characteristics might have accelerated the complication of the election.
The US is a leader of free nations, and it is said that since the US was a newly-born country that gained independence from old-fashioned Europe in 1776, it has been able to practice such principles as freedom, democracy, equality, and human rights as symbols of the country. In the early Meiji period (1868-1878), many Japanese leaders studied at various universities in the US and learned basic principles of democracy. Many countries in the world today recognize the US as a country that is playing a leading role, and they acknowledge its powerful presence and its huge territories. However, if the US cannot resolve the complicated domestic issues concerning the US presidential election this time, I must say that people will lose their long-standing awe for and reliance on the US.
After the US presidential election by popular vote in each state ended on November 3, the electors under the Electoral College system will hold meetings to vote for the President and Vice President in their states on December 14, and then the joint session of the US Congress certify the President and Vice President on January 6. The new presidential term will begin on January 20, 2021. If this confusion continues until January 20 next year, it will affect not only the US citizens but also many people in the world and cause anxiety and uneasiness.